Residential Above Ground Spas and Hot Tubs

The installation of residential spas and hot tubs within the City of Wheaton requires a Building Permit issued by the City of Wheaton Building and Code Enforcement Department. Additional items related to this installation such as enclosures (fences), decks, patios/labs, receptacles, electrical service line or electrical fixture relocation, and any other work related to this installation, also require a Building Permit.

Required Submittals

  1. Application for Permit - Please include all required information that is pertinent to the scope of work, including but not limited to: site address, description of work, contractors to be used on the job and their respective cost of work per trade, complete applicant and contractor contact information, etc.
    Building Application for permit
  2. Two sets of construction plans - The plans should indicate the construction and installation methods of the proposed spa or hot tub, including:
    1. A complete cross-section of the proposed construction that includes all dimensions, materials, features, and elements of construction;
    2. A plan view of the proposed installation that includes all dimensions, materials, features, location of underground piping installations (include piping sizes and materials, wire sizes and type, and burial depth) and distance from the piping to the pool/spa/hot tub, and all elements of construction;
    3. An electrical plan that indicates all electrical features (GFCI receptacles, underground electrical installations (include piping, wire sizes and type, and burial depth), pool equipment, electrical service panel schedule indicating existing and new pool circuits, and any other related electrical installations;
    4. Please provide manufacturer specifications of the ASTM F1346 lockable cover that is to be used.
  3. Installation manual - For the spa or hot tub.

Current Codes
The City of Wheaton currently enforces the 2018 International Swimming Pool and Spa Code. Please see the “Codes and Design Criteria” section of the City of Wheaton website that will identify any codes that may be applicable to your project. Codes & Design Criteria

Zoning Requirements
The location of residential pools, spas, and hot tubs of any type are allowed in the rear yard; not allowed in the front or corner side yard. The required setbacks (which applies to the pool/spa/hot tub, pool deck, and any related equipment) are as follows:

Side Yard - 10’ feet
Rear Yard - 10’ feet
Distance from house - No Zoning Requirement

Any zoning questions should be directed to the City of Wheaton Panning Department at 630-260-2080.

Significant Codes - Electrical
Electrical work must comply with the 2017 National Electric Code, Article 680 (and all other applicable code sections), and any adopted ordinances of the City of Wheaton.
Municipal Code (Chapter 22, Buildings and Building Regulations)

  1. Underground wiring must be buried at the proper depth below grade per Article 300.5 (Table 300.5) based upon materials to be installed and the use/cover of the area directly above at grade level;
  2. Underground wiring shall not be installed under or within the area extending 5’ horizontally from the inside walls of the spa/hot tub (except for wiring installed to supply pool equipment); Wheaton Amendment
  3. Lighting outlets, luminaires, ceiling suspended paddle fans, and any other similar electrical fixtures installed above the pool/spa/hot tub or the area extending 5’ feet horizontally from the inside walls of the pool must be installed at height not less than 12’ above the maximum water level of the pool; 2017 NEC Article 680.22(B)(1)
  4. Lighting fixtures, ceiling fans, or lighting outlets located within 5’ to 10’ of the inside walls of the pool must be GFCI protected unless they are 5’ or more above the maximum water level, and rigidly attached to a permanent structure; 2017 NEC 680.22(B)(4)
  5. One 120-volt GFCI protected outlet is required and shall be a minimum of 6’ and a maximum of 20’ away from the pool. This receptacle shall not be located more than 6’-6” above the floor, deck, platform, or grade level serving the pool; 2017 NEC 680.22(A)(1)
  6. Grounding of electrical equipment is required and shall comply with Article 680.6.

Any electrical installations (or items affected by the installation) must comply with all applicable provisions of the 2017 National Electrical Code.

Barrier Requirements

  1. Above ground hot tubs and spas must have a lockable safety cover that complies with ASTM F1346.
  2. If the hot tub/spa cover is not compliant with ASTM F1346, then the following must be provided:
    1. Hot tubs and spas are required to be surrounded by a barrier that is a minimum of 48” above grade measured on the side that faces away from the pool;
    2. The minimum required height of 48” shall be maintained around the entire perimeter of the barrier, and for a distance of 3’ measured horizontally from the outside of the required barrier;
    3. A clear zone of 36” is required between the exterior of the barrier and any permanent structures or equipment such as pumps, filters, and heaters that can be used to climb the barrier;
    4. The hot tub/spa side of the required barrier shall not be less than 20” from the water’s edge;
    5. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is less than 45”, the horizontal members shall be located on the swimming pool side of the fence. Spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 1-3/4” in width. Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 1-3/4” in width;
    6. Where the barrier is composed of horizontal and vertical members and the distance between the tops of the horizontal members is 45” or more, spacing between vertical members shall not exceed 4”. Where there are decorative cutouts within vertical members, spacing within the cutouts shall not exceed 1.75” in width;
    7. Maximum mesh size for chain link fences shall be a 1-3/4” inches unless the fence is provided with slats fastened at the top or the bottom which reduce the openings to not more than 1-3/4” inches;
    8. Where the barrier is composed of diagonal members, such as a lattice fence, the maximum opening formed by the diagonal members shall not be more than 1-3/4” inches;
    9. Access gates shall open outward away from the pool and shall be self-closing and have a self- latching device;
    10. Double gates shall have not fewer than one leaf secured in place and the adjacent leaf shall be secured with a self-latching device;
    11. The gate and barrier shall not have openings larger than ½” within 18” of the latch release mechanism;
    12. Where the release mechanism of the self-latching device is located less than 54 inches from grade, the release mechanism shall be located on the pool or spa side of the gate at least 3 inches below the top of the gate.
  3. Where a wall of a dwelling serves as part of the barrier, one of the following shall be required:
    1. The pool shall be equipped with a powered safety cover in compliance with ASTM F1346; or;
    2. All doors and operable windows having a sill height of less than 48” above the indoor finished floor with direct access to the pool through that wall shall be equipped with an alarm which produces an audible warning when the door, window, or its screen are opened. The alarm shall be listed and labeled as a water hazard entrance alarm in accordance with UL 2017. The deactivation switch(s) shall be located at least 54 inches above the threshold of the door; or;
    3. Other means of protection, such as self-closing doors with self-latching devices, is provided. Such means of protection shall provide a degree of protection that is not less than the protection afforded by Items 14.1 or 14.2.

Contact Us
City of Wheaton Building & Code Enforcement Department
Address: 303 W. Wesley Street, Wheaton, IL 60187
Phone Calls:

  • Inspection Scheduling - 630-260-2050
  • Planning & Zoning Department - 630-260-2080
  • Engineering Department - 630-260-2868
  • Fax - 630-260-2195

Business hours: Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

3/11/2020