Lead-Based Paint EPA RRP Rule

EPA’s Renovate, Repair and Painting (RRP) Rule for Homes, Child Care Facilities and Schools

Beginning April 22, 2010, the federal EPA’s Renovate, Repair and Painting (RRP) Rule for Homes, Child Care Facilities and Schools requires all contractors performing renovation, repair and painting projects that disturb more than six square feet of paint in homes, childcare facilities, and schools built before 1978 to be trained and certified in the approved work practices to prevent lead contamination.

Pertinent Information:
For EPA/RRP Rules go to http://www.epa.gov/getleadsafe Small Entity Compliance, for general information go to www.epa.gov/lead, or call the National Lead Information Center (800-424-LEAD).

Renovate, Repair and Painting Rule (includes, but not limited to):

Applies to:

  1. Applies to buildings built before 1978.
  2. Applies to childcare facilities, including preschools and kindergarten classrooms, and the families of children under the age of six that attend those facilities.
  3. Applies when renovating six square feet or more of painted surfaces in a room for interior projects or more than twenty square feet of painted surfaces for exterior projects.
  4. Renovation is broadly defined as any activity that disturbs painted surfaces and includes most repair, remodeling, and maintenance activities, including window replacement.
  5. Applies to painting projects that involve surface preparation that disturbs paint, such as sanding and scraping.
Does Not Apply to:
  1. Housing built in 1978 or later.
  2. Housing for elderly or disabled persons, unless, children under 6 reside or are expected to reside at the residence.
  3. Zero-bedroom dwellings (studio apartments, dormitories, etc.).
  4. Housing or components declared lead-free by a certified inspector or risk assessor.
  5. Minor repair and maintenance activities that disturb 6 square feet or less of paint per room inside, or 20 square feet or less on the exterior of a home or building. This does not include window replacement and projects involving demolition or prohibited practices.
  6. EPA’s lead program rules apply only to renovations performed for compensation. As a result, if a homeowner works on their own home, the rules do not apply, though the EPA encourages homeowners to use the lead-safe work practices set forth.
  7. If the surface to be painted is not disturbed by sanding, scraping, or other activities that may cause dust.

Lead Hazard Pamphlets:

  1. Renovators must provide homeowners and tenants with a copy of the lead hazard information pamphlet prior to commencing work entitled: Renovate Right: Important Lead Hazard Information for Families, Child Care Providers, and Schools (EPA-740-F-08-002). (See the EPA’s website https://www.epa.gov/lead#owners).
  2. Renovators must provide a copy of this same pamphlet to child-care facilities and general renovation information to families whose children attend those facilities.


  1. Firms are required to be certified, their employees must be trained in the use of lead-safe work practices, and lead-safe work practices (effective after April 22, 2010).
  2. Applies to anyone who is paid to perform work that disturbs paint, including but is not limited to; residential rental property owners/managers, general contractors, special trade contractors, including; painters, plumbers, carpenters, and electricians.
  3. Lead-safe work practices must be followed. Examples of these practices include:
    1. Work-area containment to prevent dust and debris from leaving the work area.
    2. Prohibition of certain work practices, such as open-flame burning and the use of power tools without HEPA exhaust control.
    3. Thorough clean-up followed by a verification procedure to minimize exposure to lead-based paint hazards.
  4. The training, certification, and work practice requirements do not apply when the contractor obtained a signed statement from the owner stating that all of the following issues are met:
    1. The renovation will occur in the owner’s residence;
    2. No child under age 6 resides at the residence;
    3. No pregnant woman resides at the residence;
    4. The housing is not a child-occupied facility; and
    5. The owner acknowledges that the renovation contractor will not be required to use the work practices contained within the RRP Rule.

Questions can be directed to:
David A. Turpin, Regional Lead Coordinator
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency / Toxics Section (LC-8J)
77 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, Illinois 60604
Phone: (312) 886-7836
Email: turpin.david@epa.gov
Illinois Department of Public Health
Division of Environmental Health
525 West Jefferson Street, 3rd Floor, Springfield, Illinois 62761
Phone: (217) 782-3517


  1. The RRP Rule is enforced by the U.S. EPA.
  2. City of Wheaton does not require any RRP Rule submittals.
  3. City of Wheaton may retain this informational Guideline on the website for general information.
  4. City of Wheaton may ask for proof that the contractor is an EPA “Certified Renovator” or provide written confirmation from the homeowner that there will be no children present during work.
  5. City of Wheaton may contact IEPA when there are flagrant violations of the RRP Rule.
  6. City of Wheaton staff shall direct all individuals with questions and inquiries to the EPA’s website and/or the Regional Lead Coordinator.

Revised 5/10/2010